Tadukuri (田作り)

    Tadukuri (田作り)
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    Introduction to Tadukuri

    It’s the holiday season now and we are now approaching the end of the year and welcoming another year. Everyone is expecting a lot of positivity in the new year to come. Speaking of that, did you know that the Japanese have a traditional New Year’s food called, “Osechi Ryori”? So this article will tackle one of those Japanese New Year foods, the Tadukuri or Tazukuri, that you will never be able to miss at the dinner table in Japan.

    Etymology

    Tadukuri (田作り)

    The name “Tadukuri  (田作り)” started when sardines and rice were a good harvest and the leftovers were buried in the rice fields and processed. Sardines were used as high-quality fertilizer in the fields, so they were eaten in hopes of a good harvest. The word “Gomame” originated from the word “Komamure,” but the words “50,000 rice ” and “goshin rice” were used as a celebration food. Locals often called it “Tadukuri” nationwide, but it turned out that the majority of Japanese people call it “Gomame” only in the Kansai area.

    What is Tadukuri?

    Tadukuri (田作り)

    Dried tiny sardines (Gomame) boiled in sugar and soy sauce to make Tadukuri. Tadukuri is a candied sardine that is a part of Osechi Ryori, Japan’s traditional New Year’s feast. There are many other types of foods during Osechi Ryori, but Tadukuri, along with Kuromame (sweet black beans) and Kazunoko, is one of the three main celebration dishes (herring roe). Tadukuri, like many other Osechi Ryori, is sweet and salty, so it may linger for at least the first three days of the new year. The sauce is incredibly sticky and syrupy, almost candy-like, and produced from sugar and soy sauce. It should be loose and fluid when cooking. Cook until it reaches a thick consistency. When the sauce cools, it gets sticky, and if the sauce is too thick, it may turn into one large fish ball.

    History of Tadukuri

    Tadukuri (田作り)

    Japanese make Tadukuri by roasting juvenile anchovy, cooling it, and mixing it with soy sauce, mirin, and sugar. In the olden days, locals used sardines as fertilizer in the fields. Fertilizer for sardines was the most expensive fertilizer used in rice fields, but the rice fields using this fertilizer often had a good harvest. Kanro-ni of sardines was called Tadukuri because the fertilizer that called for a good harvest was “Iwashi”, and it became possible to eat it in prayer for a good harvest, and it became one of the New Year dishes. The correct notation for “Gomame”, which is another name for Tazukuri, is “Komame”, and the etymology is “Komamure”, which represents a small group. It was combined with “beans”, which means that the body is strong, and the prefix “go” was added to make a voiced sound.

    Tadukuri Recipe

    Tadukuri (田作り)

    Tadukuri Ingredients

    The Tadukuri Ingredients for 1 person
    Tadukuri (small)40g
    Sugar19g
    Soy sauce17g
    Mirin17g
    White sesame seeds5g

    How to make Tadukuri?

    STEP
    Preparing the microwave

    Spread a paper towel (nonwoven fabric type) on bakeware and spread the tadukuri in a donut shape. Using a microwave saves you the trouble of frying in a frying pan.

    STEP
    Putting the base ingredients in microwave

    Put in the microwave (600W) for 1 minute and 30 seconds without wrapping.

    STEP
    Letting it cool after

    Remove from the microwave and mix immediately. Let it cool for a while and make it ready to break.

    STEP
    Putting condiments and putting in microwave again

    Put sugar, soy sauce, and mirin in a large heat-resistant bowl and put in a microwave oven (600W) for 1 minute and 30 seconds until it becomes a little thick.

    STEP
    Adding sesame sauce

    When the sauce reaches the bottom or wall of the bowl, add sesame sauce and entangle it with the sauce. Mix quickly and gently. Mix well until the sauce is evenly mix.

    STEP
    Spread it out

    If you use an oven sheet at this time, you don’t have to use a stick. Make sure that the tadukuri do not overlap.

    STEP
    Finished and served it

    Sprinkle white sesame seeds while warm. Can be stored in a cool and dark place for about 2 weeks.

    What are the meanings of tadukuri?

    Tadukuri (田作り)

    Health

    The word “mame” originally means “cheer up,” “to be in good health,” or “to be in good health,” indicating “healthy health.” The word “gomame” is also a polite prefix to the word “fidelity” for health. It contains the desire to live a healthy life this year.

    Descendants Prosperity

    Japanese believed that they used many young anchovies for tadukuri to represent many children are celebrating the prosperity of their descendants.

    Good Harvest

    Locals served Tadukuri (Gomame) in New Year’s dishes as a rich and auspicious dish that brings good harvests and good harvests.

    What are the tadukuri health benefits?

    Tadukuri (田作り)

    The young anchovy used for rice cultivation contains a large amount of DHA, which reduces calcium and protein, triglycerides and cholesterol, and prevents arteriosclerosis, making it a highly nutritious dish.

    What is Tadukuri included for?

    Tadukuri (田作り)

    Tadukuri is one of the three types of osechi dishes and locals place it in a jubako box. The three kinds of appetizers are dishes that are unattractive unless they are part of their New Year’s celebration food. Although the contents are slightly different depending on the region such as Kanto and Kansai, Tadukuri is in the three kinds of eastern and western celebrations. Tadukuri is an indispensable item for the celebration of the New Year.

    Recommended Tadukuri Restaurants

    One thing you should know about tadakuri during New Year’s Day, Japanese can buy it in the supermarket.

    Tsukiji Store

    The owner of the store is inspired to sell only delicious foods in Tsukiji. He said that they will send foods that satisfy professional customers who are strict about quality and at the same wholesale price as at the store. The store is nearby at Namiyoke Shrine.

    Address: 4 Chome-10-16 Tsukiji, Chuo City, Tokyo 104-0045, Japan 
    Phone Number: 03-3541-9466
    Hours Open: [Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday] 6:00-14:00 [Wednesday and Sunday] 10:00-14:00
    Website: tsukiji.or.jp/shoplist

    Seizaemon

    Tadukuri of Seizaemon. Although it is a limited edition product at the end of the year, the shop is striving to be of the finest quality. First of all, the material. Tadukuri is famous for its high quality from Miyazu, Kyoto, but among them, Mr. Nagaoka, a wholesaler, and Mr. Shimasho are good at it. The owner said that they are trying their best to obtain items that are only available in the Osaka Central Market.

    Address: 15-16 Koshien 5bancho, Nishinomiya, Hyogo 663-8175, Japan
    Phone Number: 07-9849-8898
    Hours Open: [Monday-Saturday] 9:00-18:00
    Website: seizaemon.com

    Matsubaya

    This store has both Niboshi and Tadukuri from different regions. You can choose from Yamaguchi, Chiba, Kagawa, and Ehime produced products. It ranges from ¥500 – ¥1,100 (tax included) for every product.

    Address: 6 Chome-10-1 Ueno, Taito City, Tokyo 110-0005, Japan
    Phone Number: 03-3833-7577
    Hours Open: [Monday-Sunday] 9:00-19:00
    Website: matsubayashoten.jp

    Conclusion

    Have you tried eating Tadakuri during New Year’s Day in Japan? If not, I hope this article helps you understand why it is essential to the culture of Japanese and is part of Osechi Ryori. With the approaching new year, the Japanese tend to welcome it positively and celebrate it with family or friends. There are other Osechi Ryori dishes I would like to introduce you to next time.

    Tadukuri (田作り)

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